Subject Leader: Miss Fisher
“Be the change you want to be in the world.” – Mahatma Gandhi
At Cheetwood Primary School, we believe that a strong PSHE education is important to help our children gain the knowledge, skills and attitudes they need to develop into well-rounded members of society, who can make a positive contribution to their community.
Personal, social, health and economic education (PSHE) is an embedded part of our broad and balanced curriculum and takes into account children’s spiritual, moral, social and cultural development (SMSC) and British Values are promoted throughout our PSHE scheme of work. We believe that children must be provided with a PSHE education that prepares them for the opportunities and experiences of adult life. With these skills, combined with the development of responsibility and resilience, pupils are then able to draw upon their understanding in order to engage and excel in a world which they live both now and in the future.
Under the new guidance issued by the DfE, as of September 2020, Relationships Education at primary school will be compulsory. We believe that, to be effective, this should be taught within a broader PSHE programmes of study. Relationships Education focusses on giving children the knowledge they need to make informed decisions about their wellbeing, health and relationships, and to build their self-efficacy. Health education focusses on equipping children with the knowledge they need to make good decisions about their own health and wellbeing.
The intent of our PSHE curriculum, is to deliver lessons which are accessible to all, and help our children get the most out of the outcomes so that they know more, remember more and understand more. Relationships Education (RSE), health education and wellbeing programmes will promote the essential foundations needed to enable children to achieve their best, academically and socially and tackle many of the moral, social and cultural issues that are part of growing up in an ever-changing world.
At Cheetwood, the children will be given the vocabulary and support they need to enable them to articulate their feelings. The intention is to promote mental wellbeing and empathy across the whole school and into the community. The children in our school come from a range of family backgrounds and life experiences. We believe it is important to consider children’s starting points, differing levels of knowledge and understanding and build upon these through PSHE. We want our children to learn about rights and responsibilities and appreciate what it means to be a member of a diverse society, in terms of race, religion and relationships. We want our children to develop their sense of self-worth by playing a positive role in contributing to school life and the wider community by learning tolerance, treating each other equally, fairly, with kindness and with mutual respect, preparing them for their future lives.
We want our children to enjoy learning about PSHE by gaining this knowledge and skills, not just through experience in the classroom but also with the use of a range of activities using a variety of media which will help them work to their full potential. To ensure PSHE learning is transferred into behaviour and attitude and not just confined to the timetabled lesson. Cross curricular links are made across all phases, giving children opportunities to apply their skills and understanding in all areas of the curriculum. We believe that making these connections will help our pupils embed and use knowledge fluently, develop their understanding and simply memorise information.
PSHE also encompasses health and wellbeing.
At Cheetwood, we will give the children the knowledge to be able to make informed choices with regards to living in today’s world (21st century Britain) as it helps them to understand and be equipped to cope with issues like keeping healthy, body image, cyber and homophobic bullying and internet safety. Our intent includes our children staying safe, learning to manage risks and making decisions. In an ever-increasing technological world, we want our children to use online resources safely and know how to get help when they feel unsafe.
The emphasis placed on both PSHE and RsE blends seamlessly into everyday school life in order to maximise the impact of acquiring essential knowledge. Using a combination of the following ensures that all elements of the PSHE framework receive appropriate focus and emphasis.
Relationship Education (RsE) is embedded in all curriculum areas including personal, social and health and economic (PSHE) education. For example, some biological aspects of RSE will be taught within the science curriculum. E-safety will be taught within Computing and ICT.
At Cheetwood, we have developed our own scheme of work for Year 1 – Year 6 which incorporates the ‘I Matter Programme’ designed by Manchester Healthy Schools for KS1 and KS2. Not only does it cover the statutory content but also covers economic wellbeing, careers and enterprise education as well as education for personal safety, including assessing and managing risk. It also takes into account the needs of our children and the community/society in which they are growing up.
By working closely with ‘Healthy schools Team’ the programmes delivered here at Cheetwood are based on specific PSHE learning (covering the statutory national framework for PSHE Education but enhanced to address children’s needs today)
Our scheme of work is based on three core themes:
- Health and Wellbeing
- Living in the Wider World
Our long-term overview sets out learning opportunities for each year group. Each core theme, is organised into subtopics to ensure core knowledge is sectioned into units of manageable size. Teaching of PSHE and RSE includes sufficient and well-chosen opportunities and contexts for children to embed new knowledge so that it can be used confidently in real-life situations.
- Relationships: Families and friendships; Safe relationships; Respecting ourselves and others
- Health and Wellbeing: Physical health and mental wellbeing; growing and changing; Keeping safe
- Living in the Wider World: Belonging to a community; Media literacy and digital resilience; Money and work
PSHE education at Cheetwood Primary addresses both children’s current experiences and preparation for their future. Therefore, our long term overview provides a spiral curriculum to develop knowledge, skills and attributes, where prior learning is revisited, reinforced and extended year on year. The curriculum is delivered proactively, such that it addresses issues in a timely way in line with current evidence on children’s physical, emotional and sexual development.
PSHE lessons will be delivered by class teachers, Head of Pastoral care or visiting external experts e.g. school nurse. Throughout every year group, appropriate diagrams, videos, books, games and practical activities will be used to assist learning. In the teaching of PSHE and RSE only correct medical terminology will be used. Teachers will ensure that children’s views are listened to and will encourage them to ask questions and engage in discussion. Teachers will answer questions sensitively, honestly and appropriate to the children’s age. Children will also get the opportunity to ask anonymous questions and share any concerns by writing a note or can use the question Box in the classroom, whether they arise from lessons or from something else.
Children in EYFS develop knowledge, skills and attributes that form a crucial foundation for later teacher of PSHE at KS1. Both curriculums complement each other, providing opportunities for progression throughout the school. The PSHE curriculum in EYFS is largely covered in the ‘Early Learning Goals’ prime area of Personal, Social and Emotional Development covering key concepts and skills around – Making relationships; Self-confidence and self-awareness; Managing feelings and behaviour. Specific areas are also covered, such as, Physical Development – Health and self-care and Understanding the World – People and communities, and supports the teaching of Relationships; Health and Wellbeing along with Living in the Wider World. (We are in the process at looking into the ‘Jigsaw programme ‘for the new EYFS PSHE curriculum)
We make connections between learning in PSHE and real-life experiences children have encountered or may be likely to. Links are often made between PSHE and other subjects, most notably Science, PE, Computing and RE. We also make connections with wider aspects of school life e.g. Golden rules School Values; Peer mediators; Sports crew; House Captains; Celebration Assemblies and themed activities such as Anti-bullying; Diversity week; World Book Day and Comic/Sports Relief.
In ensuring high standards of teaching and learning in PSHE, we implement a curriculum that is progressive and developmental throughout the whole school mixed with fun and creativity. We ensure that PSHE has the same importance given to it as the core subjects so is taught weekly focusing on the same theme, at the same time throughout the school. When teaching PSHE we aim to establish a safe, open and positive learning environment based on trusting relationships, adults and children alike.
First and foremost, we want our children to be safe and happy so that they can achieve their personal best in all aspects of school life. By thoroughly enjoying learning different skills during our PSHE lessons, we expect to be encouraging the children to undertake new life experiences now and in the future.
Through our PSHE curriculum, we believe that we prepare our children for the next stage in their education as well as preparing them, during this vital stage of their life, for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of an adult world. Our curriculum provides them with a chance to reflect and learn about these crucial elements.
Pupils at Cheetwood Primary School are confident, polite and considerate to both those familiar to them and those who are not. They have a sound understanding of the meaning and importance of our school values and the essential requirements for effective communication and the development of positive relationships; We believe our children leave Cheetwood Primary school well equipped to successfully embrace and enjoy secondary education with a very real view of being an effective and happy contributor in today’s world.
Children will be able:
- To view themselves positively and be aware of their skills, attributes and achievements
- To have respect for themselves and others
- To develop positive and healthy relationships with their peers both now and in the future, including online relationships and understand their boundaries
- To understand how to keep healthy both physically and mentally and know how to keep themselves safe physically, mentally and technologically
- To confidently discuss problems and seek help to solve them
- To manage risk in their play, friendships, work and also online
- To demonstrate knowledge and understanding of diversity and equality
- To understand their responsibilities as well as their rights, promoting fairness
- To respond positively to change
- To understand the physical aspects involved in RsE at an age appropriate level
- To manage power positively. They will be able to identify forms of bullying and work proactively to deal with these issues
- To demonstrate and apply the British Values of Democracy; Tolerance; Mutual Respect; Rule of Law and Liberty
- To have a positive attitude towards their learning and work proactively to meet their goals – be aspirational
- To demonstrate a healthy outlook towards school – attendance will be in line with national and behaviour will be good
Long Term Overview
For an overview of what is being covered across the year in each year group, please refer to the relevant document, PSHE topic overview.